Forest, Ecology & Environment Department

    General over view of department

    The Department of Wildlife Protection, UT Ladakh, came into existence in the year 1979 (Govt Order NO 132-FST of 1979, dated 13-08-1979) to implement the Jammu and Kashmir Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1978.

    The Department of Wildlife Protection, UT Ladakh evolved from J&K Forest Department Game Preservation wing. Since the creation of the Department of Wildlife Protection in 1979, the t department of wildlife protection has taken a series of measures for conservation of forests and the Wildlife therein.

    Besides these protected areas two Ramsar sites are also part of the conservation areas under wildlife department Ladakh. Various management activities undertaken in these areas include habitat improvement, plantation, soil and water conservation, anti-poaching activities, development of infrastructure for front line staff, providing supplemental feed to rescued and captive wild animals etc.

    Over a period of time, Wildlife Department has focused on management and conservation of wildlife and its habitat on modern lines in consonance with prevalent legislations. After the formation of UT, the Jammu & Kashmir Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1978 was repealed and the Central Act, i.e; Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 became applicable to the Union Territory of Ladakh.

    With increasing responsibilities of the department such as wildlife conservation, man animal conflict mitigation, research and education, checking illegal trade in wildlife products and poaching and management of the protected areas, role of the department have multiplied considerably over a period of time. The Department of Wildlife Protection Ladakh is making efforts to come at par with national and international scientific standards as per the recommendations of National Board of Wildlife for management and protection of wildlife.



    Implementation of Wildlife Protection act 1972 and rules made thereunder for achieving the objective of WPA 1972 i.e. to protect the remaining population of endangered species by banning hunting, giving legal protection to their habitats and finally, restricting wildlife trade.


    • To ensure the long-term conservation of wild flora and fauna of Ladakh through implementation of legal and management provisions of the WPA 1972.
    • To encourage public participation and support for the same through providing alternative livelihood opportunities such as development of eco-tourism, trainings and capacity building, to ameliorate the restrictions laid due to implementation of the WPA act.
    • To provide the support such as construction of predator proof corals, supply of chain-link fencing, supply of solar appliances for mitigating negative aspects of man animal interaction and for habitat protection.


    Major activities of department

    1. To conserve and protect the bio-diversity of Ladakh.
    2. To create awareness among the community about the importance of bio-diversity and garner their support for its protection.
    3. To improve wildlife habitat through physical and biological means.
    4. To document the Population and distribution of flora and fauna of the Ladakh and undertake various research projects to provide inputs for scientific management of landscape.
    5. To mitigate human-wildlife negative interactions in the landscape by providing coral pens, chain link fencing, installing Aniders fox light and by organizing awareness camp. Department also provides compensation for livestock depredation by wild carnivores and house and property damage by brown bears.
    6. To develop institutional monitoring frame work for wildlife crime control and protection of local bio-diversity.
    7. To support local communities by providing alternative livelihood opportunities through initiatives like promotion of eco-tourism, training and capacity building programs.
    8. To reduce dependence upon scarce natural resources department is providing various materials such as, furnishing of items for homestays, solar appliance like solar water heater, solar street lights, solar cookers, green houses, dustbins for waste collections, constructions and maintains of local ponds for water retention, etc.


    Institutional Chart

    Brief Information about Forest Department, Ladakh: –                     

    Prior to the formation of Union Territory of Ladakh in 2019, the Forest Department Ladakh consisted of only one territorial forest division, viz, Leh Forest Division created in the year 1955. Later, vide erstwhile J&K Government Order No: FST-132 of 1979, Kargil Forest Division was created. At present, Forest Department, UT Ladakh consists of two territorial forest divisions, viz, Kargil Forest Division and Leh Forest Division.

    Since its inception, Ladakh Forest Department has put a considerable emphasis on bringing more and more area under tree cover, in line with the goals of National Forest Policy of 1988, which envisages achieving 33% of the total geographical area of the country under forest and tree cover. Initially, Forest Department provided incentives to the farmers to grow trees for meeting fuel, fodder and timber requirement. It provided planting material free of cost to general public and government and non-government institutions.

    The afforestation activities are taken up under community plantation, departmental plantation, institutional plantation and silvipasture.  Under these components Plantation of willow, Poplar, Robinia and Seabuckthorn is done on community land and forest/state land. The Department is undertaking these afforestation activities despite facing climatic constraints in form of lack of precipitation, soil conditions, etc. Further, Ladakh has huge tracts of waste land at some places but getting these lands for plantation is difficult because of grazing rights and administrative difficulties. Land holding pattern is 100 % small and marginal land holding, hence average size of community planting is 1 -2 ha only.

    Vision & Mission of Ladakh Forest Department:

    Forest Department, UT Ladakh is actively engaged in the conservation and development of Biodiversity and Ecosystems in the Union Territory. The department is mandated to manage, conserve and protect forest in the Union Territory through afforestation and regeneration of degraded forest lands, forest protection as well as socio-economic upliftment of people in the forest fringe areas and sustainable management of forests.

    Objectives of Forest Department: – The Forest Department has been created with the following objectives:

    • Increasing the area under tree cover through tree plantation in forest land, state land and community land.
    • Proper demarcation of forest area.
    • Conservation and exploration of the potential of wild plants and bringing in community led conservation efforts for the benefit of the community.
    • Taking up in-situ and ex-situ conservation measures for the preservation of the medicinal plants which are threatened and endangered.
    • Encouraging Co-management of natural resources by involving all stake holders for the benefit of the society.


    Introduction: –

    The Ladakh Pollution Control Committee has been established in the year 2021 vide Central Pollution Control Board Notification No: F.No.C-603/Ladakh PCC/Legal-2021       dated 25-03-2021. The Committee is a regulating authority for implementation of various pollution control laws. It aims to protect the environment & ensure pollution free air and water to the citizens of Ladakh. The functions of the Committee are specified in detail under sections 17(1) and 17(2) of the Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1977 and under sections 17(1) & 17(2) of the Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.

    Presently, the Committee is headed by the Principal Secretary, Forests, Ecology & Environment as Chairman and Chief Wildlife Warden, UT Ladakh as Member Secretary. The Committee has established a full-fledged office at Leh, headed by Regional Director, Pollution Control Committee and supported by a Senior Scientific Officer and other supporting staff.

    In Kargil, presently there is no independent office of the Committee and the Divisional Forests Officer, Kargil is also officiating as Nodal Officer of LPCC for Kargil District.

    Aims: –

    1. To provide pollution free environment to the citizens of Ladakh.
    2. Enforcement of Environment Protection Act, 1986, Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 and Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 and rules made thereunder.
    3. Implementation of directions of Hon’ble Supreme Court, and Hon’ble National Green Tribunal, issued from time to time.

    Major Activities: –

    1. To grant consent to industries and other polluting units in Red, Green, Orange and White categories.
    2. To grant authorization under environmental laws and rules made thereof, like Municipal Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016, Biomedical Waste Management Rules, 2016, E-waste Management Rules, 2016, Hazardous Waste Management Rules, 2016, Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules, 2001, etc.
    3. To ensure maintenance of air, water and soil quality as per the laid-out parameters.
    4. To raise awareness among the general public about importance of clean and free environment and compliance of various environmental rules and regulations.
    5. Establishment of labs and monitoring stations for regular monitoring of various environmental quality indices.



    S.No Subject Status
    1 Disclosure of Information under Right to Information Act – 2005 Section 4(1)(b) Click Here